Correct use of any tool including, hand tools is essential to avoid accidents and maintain them in the workplace. For this reason, it is quite important to understand the proper use of hand tools and get more information about every single of them before start using them. In this article we will go through more details about the proper use of the most common and basic hand tools and give you some tips in order to make the best of them and prevent from any probable injury or damage.
For using a hammer it is necessary to make sure that the hammer handles fit the hammer head. It is also recommended to wedge the handle securely in the head and assure that it is free of splinters and cracks. In addition, always try not to strike hardened steel surfaces with a steel hammer; instead you can use a soft metal hammer or one with a plastic, wood or rawhide head for steel surfaces.
Furthermore, if you are hammering a nail, you would better start with precise and lighter hits while gripping the handle close to the hammer’s head. Once the nail is in place, drive it in by gripping the hammer at the handle’s end. For using a hammer in the best way, you could swing from the wrist for control and from the elbow for power. Apart from that, safety wear and equipment are the recognized as the most important part of using any tool so as to guarantee the security of the user. In this regard, safety glasses and gloves are necessary to protect your eyes from flying objects and your hands from being possibly injured.
Screwdriver is a kind of common tool which is used for tightening or removing screws. Before starting to use a screwdriver, you have to, firstly, make sure that the correct type of head and size matches the screws. For properly using a screwdriver, you should grip the handle with one hand and grip the tip of the screwdriver, near the screw, with the other; then apply force and twist until the screw catches a grip, in the next step ensure it goes in straight.
Despite the screwdrivers are considered to be relatively small and compact hand tools, they should be maintained carefully. In other words, the screwdriver and screws are matched. So, if the screwdriver damage, the screw will not be processed. For this reason, it is important to keep some points in your mind in order to maintain them. For example, you shouldn’t use a screwdriver to tighten or loosen the grip on the hand, or you would better not to open gaps or remove burrs and other metal objects by hammering the screwdriver’s handle. It is also highly recommended to polish the screwdriver’s tip when it is damaged or blunting.
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Wrenches are one of those hand tools that are commonly used and there are a wide variety of them for different uses and applications. For example, while using an adjustable wrench you should put it on a nut and make sure the adjustable jaw faces the operator; then pull the wrench toward the operator.
For using a socket wrench which are generally used for hard-to-reach places you should never use a pipe wrench on nuts because the corners of the nuts or bolts are likely to break the teeth of the wrench jaws and makes it unsafe for the future uses.
Apart from that, wrenches are produced in different sizes, and for this reason it is recommended to use the right type of wrench for the specific job, since the amount of leverage obtained with the wrench handle is the maximum application; therefore it could be pretty unsafe to add more leverage with a length of pipe.
Pliers are usually used to hold objects firmly and are quite useful for bending and compressing a wide range of materials. They are also made in various shapes and sizes and for different uses, such as side cutting pliers, long nose pliers, utility pliers, diagonal cutting pliers, locking pliers, flat nose pliers, slip joint pliers and end cutting pliers. So, you should choose the right pliers for the right application.
Apart from that, pliers should never be substituted for another tool such as a wrench to complete the task or cutting hardened wire, unless specifically manufactured for this purpose.
In addition, they should never be exposed to excessive heat, because this may change the material properties and ruin the tool. They shouldn’t also be used as a hammer, since this way they could crack or break, or edges may be fractured by such abuse.
While working with pliers you should bear in mind that they cannot grip nuts and bolts securely and will slip. For cutting wire with the pliers you would better use a vise, hold the open end of the wire with your free hand to prevent the cut-off piece from flying through the air. If a vise is not available, you can use your foot to secure the wire.
It is also worth mentioning that as it was mentioned previously, it is strongly recommended to use wear safety glasses, goggles or a face shield whenever there is a potential hazard from flying particles, pieces of wire and etc.
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In woodworking and carpentry, hand saw is considered to be one of the most useful woodworking hand tools that cut pieces of wood into different shapes. For using hand saw, first make sure that it is sharpened, the blade is straight and has the proper amount of tension. Before you start cutting, measure and draw a pencil line on the place you’re going to cut. Then, make a soft, perfectly straight cut along the line, hold your elbows in by your side and angle the saw properly.
Proper Use of Hand Tools
To sum up of proper use of hand tools, it is very important to learn how to use hand tools properly and then practice using them until you get used to the feel of the tool in your hand. It is also very important to maintain proper body posture while working with hand tools in order to prevent the possible injuries. You should also watch your health while using hand tools, for instance when you apply constant pressure on the handle of a hand tool, it could easily lead to sensitivity loss in your fingers or hand, which can make it difficult to work effectively. That’s why it is very important to select tools with organic and standard design.
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