HistoryHand ToolsPower Tools

Power tools invention history

The story of power tools

The world of power tools is enormous, with dozens of brands and producers all around the world manufacturing advanced tools that make the human race able to create, destroy, or change more things in less time. This advancement took a long time to happen, though. In fact, the first power tool was not invented more than 13 decades ago.

No person on earth is unfamiliar with power tools nowadays. Working with machines or just having a DIY job around the house that needs doing, you will reach for your power tool and get to work. While we take power tools for granted, our ancestors weren’t so fortunate and instead had to deal with manual tools that not only needed great strength and more than one person to get a simple job done but were also dangerous.

The invention and development of power tools is an interesting journey that started in ancient times, visited the moon, and transformed lives worldwide; Also, according to the new market research published by “MarketsandMarkets™,” the Power Tools Market is estimated to reach USD 41.7 billion by 2024. Now let’s dig into the history of power tools.
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The role of tools in our lives

This variety and upgrading of tools has created a wide range of jobs in the industry. Faster and more efficient jobs than traditional jobs. Solve existing problems and population growth to your need to use better tools. Humans were able to overcome natural disasters with tools, and there was no need for frequent relocations.

By studying the antiquities that have been discovered from human life thousands of years ago, you can see the power of tools, even though they are very basic. Upgrading them turned the farmer man into the man of industry.

Evolution tools from the beginning to the present

Tools You have gone through several stages to get the shape you want to use. This period of change can be considered in the following categories:

Stone Age: Tools in this age were made of stone and were mostly used for hunting and cutting down trees.

Copper and Bronze Age: With the discovery of fire, the advent of the first metal tools took shape.

Iron Age: With discovery, man is the best and most powerful tool to build and use.

Medieval: For some reason, the development of tools and the invention of new tools did not flourish in this period.

Transition period: This period, which is between training courses and the industrial age, becomes a profitable business construction tool.

Industrial era: The evolution of tool making from a small environment to assembly plants and workshops with several technicians. Mechanical tools and steam for blowing in molten iron and molding, instead of working with the manufacturer, it is possible to make the court from new tools and make it available to the public.

Modern Age: The production of modern tools with the invention of electrical, the advent of computers and eventually robots

 The tool is the strength of human civilization

The tools of life today made man. To me that our dependence on every age is not overlooked. With the advancement of technology, the culture of our lives also changed. We have to accept that the high standard of living we have today and the work we do owe to the invention and promotion of tools.

A tool is a tool to change raw materials in a production process that is not consumed at the end of the process. Human ability to use his tools has become the most powerful creature. Man can change his world by using tools. In some cases, animals have been found to use objects to advance their goals, which is very basic.

Making tools and using and upgrading them to make custom objects is one of the few human abilities. By understanding this ability, man has been able to achieve the most basic kind of life in traveling to other planets and moving at high speed until today. Living with upgraded machines is a very valuable achievement.

Tools have played a significant role in changing human life

Ancient tools

By studying the discovered handicrafts from humans living thousands of years ago, we can see the effect of tools on their life clearly now. Upgrading those tools turned the farmer man into the man of industry. The most common tools used by our ancestors are hammerstones, stone cores, and sharp stone flakes.

The first tools were mostly made for hunting, like Arrowheads. By the time human beings started to stay at one place instead of migrating, other tools were necessary for farming, like the plough or the sickle. Later on, with the development of culture, other tools for writing and drawing, like chisel and hammer, were invented. Building a castle with sophisticated architecture needed far more advanced tools. The need for newer and stronger tools always grew.

Ancient tools

First modern hand tools

Screw drivers

Historians do not know who invented the first screw-shaped tools but it is known for fact that these tools became common around the first century. Early screws were made from wood and were used in wine presses, olive oil presses, and for pressing clothes. Metal screws and nuts were made later and they were used to fasten two objects together. Those were first invented in the fifteenth century. In 1770, English instrument maker, Jesse Ramsden (1735–1800) invented the first satisfactory screw-cutting lathe. In the early 1930s, the Phillips head screw was invented by Oregon businessman Henry Phillips (1889–1958).

Screw drivers history


Turning threads needs a good wrench. Wrenches Like with all tools are available in a vast variety. Among the most common are the pipe wrench and the crescent wrench, both of which are adjustable. Then there is the fixed type, commonly known as spanners and they are available as box, open or combination types. The first wrench was patented in 1835 by Solymon Merrick. World’s first African American heavyweight champion named Jack Johnson later patented a wrench in 1922. Robert Owen Jr, received a patent for the “Double Acting Wrench” (ratchet wrench), arguably the most important advancement in wrench technology in 1913.

The world’s first power tools

Today we take power tools for granted and power tools are now used in all work sites. Among all power tools, drill is the most common one used by people. The history of drills, dates back to about 35,000 years ago. Back then people used the arc drills, which have been around for about 10,000 years. Those drills were used for drilling in the wood and woodworking industries.

The second type of drills is called grooved drills. These drills are also called two diamonds. However, some manufacturers of these drills produce 4 diamond drills too as an innovation in their work.

drill history

1895: the birth of the first modern power tool

Thomas Edison’s invention the incandescent electric lamp in 1879 led to a transformation in how people viewed the potential of machinery. In fact, only 16 years after Edison’s invention the first modern power tool was invented.

 German company C&E Fein is credited with inventing the modern power tool when it combined the power of an electric motor with a manual drill to create a new type of drill that revolutionized the industry. This drill was heavy, weighing 16.5 pounds, required multiple operators and, being powered by a large but relatively weak electric motor, was slow. Compared to modern standards this drill was cumbersome, unproductive and difficult to use, but for the next 20 years it reigned supreme.

1910: Black & Decker came to life

In the USA in 1910 a tool and die worker called Duncan Black sold his car for $600 and, together with his friend Alonzo Decker, opened a small machine shop. The pair decided that they could improve the C&E Fein drill by adapting the design of the Colt .45 automatic pistol. Within 6 years of first opening their shop, Black & Decker had begun selling a pistol-grip, trigger-switch electric drill. This drill was lighter, easier to use and more powerful than the C&E Fein version, which led to it taking over the market and its design is one from which all handheld electric drills are descended.

vintage drills

1957 innovation from Bosch

Developments were made to power tools since 1916, with constant inventions aimed to make them lighter and easier to use. Another key aspect to improving the power tool was safety. Prior to 1930s power tools were often cased in cast metal housings, which led to repetitive use injuries, as well as often shocking the user. While experiments with different materials took place, it was in 1957 that the first power tool with a plastic casing was created by Bosch. This made power tools safer for people to use and protected users from the risk of electric shocks.

vintage bosch drill

1960s space exploration

In 1961 Black & Decker designed and manufactured the first cordless power tool. This drill was powered by a rechargeable nickel cadmium (NiCad) battery. 2 years later Martin Marietta Corporation contracted Black & Decker to design tools for NASA’s space exploration programme. Black & Decker worked with NASA to create a series of lighter tools that could be used in zero gravity environments and was used in space and on the moon.

Related Article: Everything About Power Tools History

1970s and beyond

Since the 1970s although the fundamentals of power tools have not changed drastically, modern technology and development in batteries has led to tools becoming increasingly lighter, powerful, safer and easier to use.

For example, the Bosch GBH 24 VRE Professional (shown above) introduced in 1984 was the world’s first rechargeable battery operated rotary hammer. The first cordless 2-kilo hammer that could be operated without the need of mains power.

Today we use power tools as part of our daily lives, both at home and at the workplace, and without them the level of work simply wouldn’t be possible. They are a key everyday part of a home’s tool kit.

A tool is a tool for changing raw materials in a production process that is not consumed at the end of the process. Human ability to use his tools has become the most powerful creature. Man can change his world by using tools. In some cases, animals have been found to use objects to advance their goals, which is very basic.

Making tools and using and upgrading them to make custom objects is a human-specific ability. By understanding this ability, man has been able to achieve the most basic kind of life in traveling to other planets and moving at high speed until today. Living with upgraded machines is a very valuable achievement.

2005: Ronix

Ronix is an international brand, active in the tools industry and its related equipment. Since 2005, Ronix has become a leading tools company in the Middle East and an international brand, specializing in manufacturing a wide variety of professional tools. Currently, the company has offices in Europe (Germany) and China. Over the past 15 years, Ronix has developed more than 2,000 different types of tools, all lovingly crafted with Ronix’s undisputed and world-class standards.

ronix tools

The world of power tools is enormous. Cordless and power drills are now found in all places in the world. Tools have played a significant role in changing the life of mankind.

Do you want to know the history of power tools? Don’t worry, everything you need to know about the history of power tools is gathered here. All the contents related to the history of our power tools from the history of brands to the history of each tool are all at this Article:

Anton Abramov

I am a 29-year-old Russian boy living in Tajikistan. I studied IT at university of Moscow. I have been working with my father's tools since I was a teenager. I fix tools, repair them and I always try to find out how they work. So, I would call myself a geek in power tools. On my journey to becoming a pro, I will try to share the knowledge I've gained through years of experience with you.

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